Pomeranians are a great breed, but one must educate themselves to understand more about differences in some Poms.
When looking for your new pet, do yourself and the breed a favor - first go to shelters and see if you can find what you want to adopt there. If not, find good reputable breeders. Whether you find them online, in newspapers, or through referrals... do some research. Registration - The first thing one needs to look for when hunting a new family member, is the registry. There are some good registries, and some bad ones. PLEASE steer clear of APRI or the CKC that is Continental Kennel Club. They are NOT good registries, and the breeders will often charge 2-3 times what the ones that use better registries will charge, because they can. AKC, American Kennel Club, is the most respected registry. CKC, CANADIAN Kennel club is also fine, and so is UKC, United Kennel Club. Please look for these three when hunting a reputable breeder. Notice there are TWO CKC's..... be very careful when you see CKC, and find out which one they are referring to!!! SIZE - One thing that has good Pom breeders concerned is the size references and breedings that are happening these days. Poms are commonly 10-15 pounds, but this is over-sized. Most of us that are show breeders refer to these as pets, period. The AKC standard states that Poms should fall into the range of 3-7 pounds, with 4-6 being preferred. The over-sized pets are really not correct, but they are still great pets! Then there is the term 'teacup' pom, that many use to refer to our smaller sized Poms. It is not a correct term - the majority of newborn Pom puppies will fit in a teacup. Rather than call our correctly sized Poms as 'teacups', we call them Poms! They are the correct size for the breed, so they are just Pomeranians. The new one is 'micro' Pom. Micro seems to be the fad these days in many things, and I will say here and now - DON'T!!!! Breeding anything down that tiny causes many health problems. It's not good for them, nor for the breed in general. The breeders of these tiny Poms are unethical, and will charge a huge amount of money for a Pom that is generally unhealthy.
COLOR - Please be careful when looking at colors for Poms. Lately the 'merle' color is coming into our Pom lines and one needs to be very careful with merle. Merle must be bred very carefully, as breeding it improperly can be very hazardous to the puppies' health. Breeding merle to merle can and does produce blind and deaf dogs!!! Not always, but it does happen.
There are some colors that are more rare in Poms, but please do not be tricked into paying huge amounts of money for the rare color. Do the research on the breeder to make sure they are reputable, the Pom will be the correct size, and the color really is a more rare color. The most common colors for Poms are orange/cream, black, black and tan, and parti. Parti is any other color with white in a larger quantity. A white face or chest blaze, and white feet are considered markings, but are not true partis. Partis must have more white than just a few small spots. Orange comes in a variety of shades from dark to creamy... they are fairly common. There are a variety of other colors that are more rare - white, chocolate, lavender, beaver - to name a few. Again, please research!!!
QUESTIONS - When you find a puppy, and call the breeder, you should be prepared for a lot of questions. Good breeders will ask you many questions to get to know you and know if your home will be a good placement for their puppy. They will ask things such as - how many pets you already have, how old are the children in your home, have you owned toy sized dogs in the past, do you have a fenced yard, where will the puppy sleep, how much will the puppy be alone, do you already have a veterinarian, and many others. These questions are just so we can help you find the best puppy for you, and so we know how well you are prepared. If a breeder does not ask questions, just says, yes, you can have him, pay me..... please try someone else. As reputable breeders, we also have a list of other reputable breeders that we can refer you to, if we do not have what you are looking for. Referrences are valuable.... they let you know there are other people that trust them.
Questions you want to ask the breeder - and ask a lot!!! What registry do you use? How are your dogs kept - do you have them in your house? Are the puppies well socialized? Have they had their shots, wormed, dewclaws removed? How often do you breed your females? How many breeding dogs do you have? Two very important questions you should ask every breeder you call - May I come to your house to see the puppies? May I contact your vet? A good breeder should encourage you to come to their house and see how the puppies live. If they say no..... please go somewhere else. If they will not let you contact their veterinarian... please find someone else.
These are some important things about Poms, I hope you learned a little and see that doing some research can be a very good thing.
Please also go to the AKC website and read more about Poms and AKC www.akc.org
Here is a couple of other reputable breeders - if you don't see what you want here on my pages, try them! If we do not have what you want, we may know another reputable breeder that does. Just ask! More links will be added.